Issues at a glance
Gun Violence Prevention
1. What is the Issue?
Gun Violence Prevntion & Common-Sense Gun Reform. "Proponents of more gun control laws state that the Second Amendment was intended for militias; that gun violence would be reduced; that gun restrictions have always existed; and that a majority of Americans, including gun owners, support new gun restrictions.
Opponents say that the Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to own guns; that guns are needed for self-defense from threats ranging from local criminals to foreign invaders; and that gun ownership deters crime rather than causes more crime."(ProCon.org)
- In 1977 the National Rifle Association (NRA) changed their primary purpose from sportsmanship to protecting the Second Amendment. "The NRA-ILA actively lobbies against universal checks and registration, "large" magazine and "assault weapons" bans, requiring smart gun features, ballistic fingerprinting, firearm traces, and prohibiting people on the terrorist watchlist from owning guns; and in favor of self-defense (stand your ground) laws." (ProCon.org)
- Today, America’s guns’ homicide rate is 25% higher than other developed countries. On an average day, 93 people are killed by a gun and for every one person killed by a gun, two are injured. Of those 93 people, 60% are suicides with a gun. (everytownresearch.org )
3.Representatives Who Deal with this Issue:
Contact your representatives.
4. Summary of Current Laws Governing this Issue
"Among other things, Maryland:
- Requires almost all transfers of handguns and assault weapons be processed through a licensed dealer or designated law enforcement agency, who must conduct a background check on the purchaser through the State Police;
- Requires licensure of all dealers in handguns or assault weapons;
- Requires purchasers of handguns and assault weapons to complete a certified firearms safety training course;
- Prohibits any person from purchasing more than one handgun or assault weapon within a 30-day period;
- Imposes a seven-day waiting period prior to the physical transfer of a handgun or assault weapon;
- Provides law enforcement with discretion to deny a permit to wear or carry a handgun;
- Imposes design safety standards for handguns;
- Prohibits the transfer of certain assault weapons and large capacity ammunition magazines; and
- Requires firearm owners to report the loss or theft of their firearms.
Maryland does not, however:
- Do enough to remove guns from domestic abusers and other dangerous people;
- Impose significant requirements on most long gun transfers; or
- Allow local governments to regulate firearms.
Maryland had the 12th lowest rate of gun deaths per capita among the states in 2014. In that year, 544 people died from firearm-related injuries in Maryland. Between 2010 and 2015, Maryland supplied the 12th lowest number of crime guns to other states per capita, and it imports many more crime guns from other states than it exports."
- Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence (Links provided within the quote were provided by the source. All links open into a new window)
5. Immediate goals for this issue
Prevent legislation that would undermine commonsense gun solutions as it affects gun violence.
Continue to educate and pursue common sense gun laws for a safer Maryland. Protect current common sense gun laws.
6. Longterm goals for this issue
No one solution will stop gun violence but common sense gun reform can help to reduce it. There are many gun related issues that impact us nationally and locally. These issues include but are not limited to: mental illness, gun sense laws, education, suicide, and the ability to research gun violence. As we address each of these issues in a positive, productive manner, we can have a safer America.
Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence - a response to the 101 California Street massacre; is the premier resource for legal expertise and information regarding state and federal firearems laws.
Maryland Score Card - created by the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence
ProCon.org - promoting critical thinking, education, and informed citizenship by presenting controversial issues in a straightforward, nonpartisan and primarily pro-con format.
Everytown for Gun Safety - Americans working together to end gun violence)
Moms Demand Action.org - a response to Sandy Hook, was created to demand action from legislators, companies, and educational institutions to establish common-sense gun reform
Brady Campaign - create a safer America by cutting gun deaths in half by 2025
Americans for Responsible Solutions - Gabby Giffords; safe and responsible gun ownership
Marylanders to Prevent Gun Violence - reduce the number of senseless deaths through education and legislation
The Trace - an independent, non-profit news organization, dedicated to expanding news coverage of guns in the U.S.
Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research - bring public health expertise and perspectives to the complex policy issues related to gun violence prevention.
Dickey Amendment - the legislation that stopped the CDC from researching gun violence and the namesafe Rep. who now regrets his amendment